Allergies are fairly common. Both genes and environmental factors play a role in its development.
The immune system normally protects the body against harmful substances, such as bacteria and viruses. It also reacts to foreign substances called allergens, which are generally harmless and in most people do not cause a problem.
In an individual with an allergy, the body over reacts to a specific allergen and symptoms occur. They include
- Breathing problems (coughing, shortness of breath)
- Burning, tearing, or itchy eyes
- Conjunctivitis (red, swollen eyes)
- Itching of the nose, mouth, throat, skin, or any other area
- Runny nose
- Skin rashes
- Stomach cramps
Amongst the diseases that affect children, allergies is one of the commonest. It may manifest as eczema when they are in infancy and progress on to rhinitis (nose), asthma (lungs) to conjunctivitis (eyes). Because of its myriad manifestation, allergies may be missed.
If left untreated, allergic rhinitis (runny nose) can lead to increased risk of asthma. Studies have shown that children with allergies are poorer performers in their academic and school work. In our highly competitive society this may have a profound effect. Typically, allergies leads to poor quality of sleep and concentration.
If you suspect that you may have allergies, make an appointment with our clinic today for an assessment.